Quang Ninh is not only a destination with many beautiful landscapes, a rich land in cultural and historical value, but also as “a miniature Vietnam”, having a variety of terrains from delta, mountains, coasts, the basis for creating rich and unique biodiversity.
Highest biodiversity in Vietnam
According to the survey results of the Quang Ninh Province Biodiversity Action Plan to 2020, this province has the highly biodiversity with 4,350 species, 2,236 genera and 721 families belonging to 19 sectors; 3 fauna, fungi and plant diversity species, ecosystem diversity, genetic diversity. In addition, there are five main types of landscape that determine the diversity of ecosystems in the province, such as mountains, hills, mudflats, coastal plains, tidal flats, sea, islands. The province has four main coral reefs: Halong Bay, Bai Tu Long, Co To Island and Tran Island. In addition, Quang Ninh has more than 2,000 islands, each with its own unique diversity, resulting in multiple genetic variations within the same species.
In particular, Quang Ninh is one of the few localities in the country with many protected areas of biological resources and environmental protection in various forms of conservation zones, including: world natural heritage Halong Bay, Bai Tu Long National Park, Dong Son – Ky Thuong Nature Reserve, Yen Tu National Park, and experimental forest in Halong City. In addition, according to the master plan for the inland water conservation zone system until 2020, Quang Ninh province has two more areas planned for biodiversity conservation in the 2011-2015 period: Co To – Tran Island and Tien Yen estuary area.
Bai Tu Long National Park – ecotourism attracts more tourists
Among the provinces in the Red River Delta, Quang Ninh is a province that has been favorably gifted with a natural and diverse system of forests. Particularly in Quang Ninh, there are two national nature reserves: Bai Tu Long National Park (Van Don) and Dong Son – Ky Thuong Nature Reserve (Hoanh Bo).
Bai Tu Long National Park is known as a very attractive eco-tourism; total area of 15,783 hectares, of which forest and forest land is 6,165 ha and 9,650 ha of sea surface, waterlogged and flooded areas. The rocky islands in the park area have many beautiful caves, such as Cai De Cave, nearly 2 km long on the Tra Ngo Lon Island, the end of the cave is a mangrove forest of nearly 200 ha; Soi Nhu Cave (Halong commune) is a place to keep traces of ancient Vietnamese people from the period of stone age two thousand years ago. There are also sandy beaches, shallow waters like Chuong Nep, Nhang Ria (Minh Chau), Son Hao (Quan Lan) …
Especially Minh Chau beach, stretching nearly 3 km of smooth white sand and waves, is considered the most beautiful beach in the Tonkin Gulf. The top is purebred jambolan forest, over 100 years old, with an area of 14 hectares covering the beach, very suitable for the development of ecological tourism.
The core of Bai Tu Long National Park is Ba Mun Island, the largest and the most beautiful island complex with the most abundant botanical garden. Bai Tu Long National Park has many small sand beaches where tourists can spend time to relax.
Over the past 10 years, some points, areas of Bai Tu Long National Park have been put into tourism, but generally only small, not commensurate with this precious resources.
Dong Son – Ky Thuong: “green resources” have not awakened
While many places, areas of Bai Tu Long National Park has been put into operation tourism, almost visitors do not know about another “gem” of Quang Ninh, the nature reserve Dong Son – Ky Thuong. With a total natural area of 15,637.7 ha, Dong Son – Ky Thuong Nature Reserve covers the whole area of 5 communes: Dong Son, Ky Thuong, Dong Lam, Vu Oai and Hoa Binh, adjacent with Cam Pha town and Ba Che district. There are many species of animals and plants in the reserve, many of which are rare animals, listed in the Red Book of Vietnam.
Not only that, Dong Son – Ky Thuong is one of many protected areas with beautiful ecological landscape, such as Khe Ria waterfall (Dong Lam commune). Here the climate is cool all year round. The natural landscape, hills, waterfalls, forests, etc., are hiding in the fog, creating a fanciful space, fresh, very suitable for the type of ecological tourism …
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